The Sarbanes Oxley Act, also known as SOX and Sarbanes-Oxley, is a financial reporting requirement ONLY for publicly traded companies which have the share of their company traded in the United States and thus subject to the United States Security and Exchange Commission.
What is the Sarbox Act or Sarbanes-Oxley Act ?
[i]Sarbanes-Oxley is a US law passed in 2002 to strengthen Corporate governance and restore investor confidence. Act was sponsored by US Senator Paul Sarbanes and US Representative Michael Oxley.
Sarbanes-Oxley law passed in response to a number of major corporate and accounting scandals involving prominent companies in the United States. These scandals resulted in a loss of public trust in accounting and reporting practices.
Legislation is wide ranging and establishes new or enhanced standards for all US public company Boards, Management, and public accounting firms.
Sarbanes-Oxley law contains 11 titles, or sections, ranging from additional Corporate Board responsibilities to criminal penalties. Requires Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) to implement rulings on requirements to comply with the new law.